Valletta is the capital city of Malta. Located in the south east of the island, between Marsamxett Harbour to the west and the Grand Harbour to the east. The city was officially recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.
Mdina is a fortified city in the Northern Region of Malta, which served as the island’s capital from antiquity to the medieval period. The city is still confined within its walls and has a population of just under 300. Mdina is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.